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How to Create a Worm Compost Bin/Tote

How to Create a Worm Compost Bin/Tote

Creating a worm compost bin (also known as vermicomposting) is a fantastic way to recycle kitchen scraps and produce nutrient-rich compost for your plants. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you set up your own worm compost bin.

Materials Needed:

  • A tote or bin with a lid (preferably opaque to keep the environment dark for the worms)
  • A drill (for making holes in the tote)
  • Bedding material (browns): shredded newspaper, cardboard, dried leaves, or straw
  • Compost or garden soil (optional)
  • Kitchen scraps (greens): vegetable peels, fruit scraps, coffee grounds, etc.
  • Grit: crushed eggshells or sand
  • Water
  • Worms: Red wigglers (Eisenia fetida) or European nightcrawlers (Eisenia hortensis)

Step-by-Step Instructions:

  1. Prepare the Tote:

    • Drill several small holes in the bottom of the tote for drainage and on the sides near the top for ventilation. This helps to ensure proper airflow and moisture levels.
  2. Layering:

    • Layer of Browns: Start with a layer of bedding material such as shredded newspaper, cardboard, or dried leaves. This will create a comfortable environment for the worms.
    • Layer of Compost or Soil: Add a thin layer of compost or garden soil. This introduces beneficial microorganisms that aid in the composting process.
    • Layer of Greens: Add kitchen scraps such as vegetable peels, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds. Avoid adding meat, dairy, oily foods, or citrus, as these can attract pests and harm the worms.
    • Layer of Grit: Sprinkle a small amount of grit (crushed eggshells or sand). Worms need this to help grind up their food in their gizzards.
    • Add Some Worms: Introduce the worms to their new home. Red wigglers or European nightcrawlers are the best choices for vermicomposting as they thrive in decomposing organic matter.
    • Add Some Water: Moisten the bedding material until it’s as damp as a wrung-out sponge. Avoid making it too wet, as excess moisture can cause anaerobic conditions.
  3. Cover with Browns:

    • Add another layer of browns on top to help keep fruit flies away and control odor.
  4. Maintain the Bin:

    • Temperature: Worms thrive in temperatures between 55°F and 77°F (13°C and 25°C). In hot climates, keep the bin in a shaded, cool place. In cold climates, insulate the bin or bring it indoors to prevent the worms from freezing.
    • Feeding: Add kitchen scraps regularly, but avoid overfeeding. A good rule of thumb is to add food only when the previous scraps have been mostly consumed.
    • Moisture: Check the moisture level regularly and add water if the bedding becomes dry. If it’s too wet, add more dry bedding to absorb the excess moisture.
    • Harvesting Compost: After about 4-6 weeks, you can start harvesting the compost. Push the finished compost to one side of the bin and add fresh bedding and food to the other side. The worms will migrate to the new food, making it easier to collect the compost.

Benefits of Vermicomposting:

  • Healthier Plants: The compost produced by worms is rich in nutrients and beneficial microorganisms, promoting stronger and healthier plant growth.
  • Increased Yield: Plants grown with worm compost tend to produce more fruit, flowers, and vegetables.
  • Improved Soil Quality: Worm castings help remove toxins and heavy metals from the soil, improving the taste and safety of your homegrown produce.

Where to Get Worms:

  • Online Retailers: Many online stores specialize in selling composting worms.
  • Local Garden Centers: Check with local garden centers or nurseries.
  • Bait Shops: Some bait shops carry red wigglers, which are also great for vermicomposting.


Creating a worm compost bin is a simple and effective way to recycle organic waste and produce rich compost for your garden. By following these steps and maintaining the right conditions, you can enjoy the benefits of vermicomposting and contribute to a healthier environment.

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  • Danielle Lasit