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Origins, INCI, and History of cRANBERRY

Origins, INCI, and History of cRANBERRY

Cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon) are native to North America and have been a significant part of the region's history and culture for centuries. They are one of the few fruits indigenous to North America, thriving in the cooler climates of the northeastern United States, Canada, and parts of Europe. Cranberries grow on low-lying vines in sandy bogs and marshes, often in areas that have been specifically cultivated for their growth.

INCI (International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients): The INCI name for cranberry is Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Fruit Extract or Vaccinium Macrocarpon (Cranberry) Seed Oil, depending on the specific part of the cranberry used in the formulation. These extracts and oils are commonly used in skincare and cosmetic products for their beneficial properties.

History: Cranberries have a rich history dating back to the Indigenous peoples of North America, who used the berries for food, medicine, and dye. They were an essential part of the diet, often mixed with pemmican (a type of preserved meat) and used in various remedies to treat wounds and illnesses due to their natural antiseptic properties.

In the early 17th century, European settlers in North America began to adopt cranberries into their diets and medicinal practices. The name "cranberry" is derived from the term "craneberry," which early settlers coined because the flower, stem, and petals resembled the neck, head, and bill of a crane.

By the 19th century, cranberry cultivation became more organized, and commercial cranberry farming started to take shape, particularly in Massachusetts and New Jersey. The wet-harvesting method, which involves flooding cranberry bogs and allowing the berries to float to the surface for easier collection, was developed around this time and remains the most common method of harvesting cranberries today.

Cranberries in Modern Skincare: In contemporary skincare, cranberries are prized for their high antioxidant content, particularly vitamin C, vitamin E, and other polyphenols. These antioxidants help protect the skin from environmental damage, reduce inflammation, and promote a youthful appearance. Cranberry seed oil is also valued for its moisturizing and nourishing properties, making it a popular ingredient in creams, serums, and masks.

The use of cranberries in skincare reflects a blend of traditional wisdom and modern scientific understanding, showcasing the enduring versatility and benefits of this remarkable berry.

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  • Danielle Lasit